Historical Significance of Socio-Religious Movements in India’s National Awakening

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Pabitra Kumar Barman

Assistant Professor & Head
Department of Political Science
Kaliyaganj College
Kaliyaganj, Uttar Dinajpur, West Bengal,
Email: Pabitrabarman8@gmail.com

Abstract:The East India Company has created a blind passion for the merchant civilization. Indians have tried to get rid of it politically and socially. Political reaction of Indians was started against the imperialist influence and attack on Indian civilization and culture. Indian thinkers have given appropriate answers to the questions raised by western politicians about Indian civilization and culture. The so-called nationalist movement in India began at that time. Bankimchandra called for the preservation and writing of the history of India in the spirit of unity, national pride and independence. Rammohan, Vidyasagar, Ranade and others have established base of religious and social movement. For the next hundred years, the nationalist history of India has been judged
and reconsidered by the eminent historians of the nineteenth and twentieth century’s.Political and social historians in general think that when the currents of Indian society and culture began to dry up, a kind of immorality and decay began to engulf Indian society, just then a new wave of thought flooded the Indian subcontinent. In the case of society, religion, literature, politics, this flood is like a call to remove the previous filth, frustration, and move forward by overcoming inertia.

Key Words:Culture, Independence, Nationalist Movement, Social Reforms, Young Bengal.