The Context of Religion and Secularism in Gandhian Thought
Department of History
Abstract: Mahatma Gandhi, the architect of Satyagraha (the practice of using truth or soul force) and non-violence in the 20th century world, was a religious humanist. Hence, there is a debate in general as to whether he was a secular thinker or if his thought was summarily confined to blind religious faith or doctrine. Gandhiji in reality was a ‘Sanatani Hindu’; and he poused the idea of ‘Ramraj’ as the ideal of his politico-administrative dream; but, all through his life, he never discriminated among the people on the basis of religious divisions and denominations. He considered all humans as children of God. His rational outlook was on the pedestal of his profound belief in the existence of God or the Truth. As he loved all people equally, his ideas sequentially served the purpose of secularism in all spheres of public life.
Key Words:Swaraj, Satyagraha, Non-violence, Lenin, Mao-Tze-Dong, Sanatani Hindu, Satanic Civilization, Ramraj, Panchayat Raj, Trusteeship, Dharmaraj, Sarvodaya.