Maldah Jatiya Shiksha Samiti: A Case Study on National Education in Maldah (1907-1914)

in Published Volumes


Himansu Barman
1Research Scholar
Department of History
Sikkim University
Gangtok, Sikkim


Abstract::The history of education in India is a miscellaneous field yet to be discovered to its
highest potential. The educational history and its development in India offer several possibilities for study and research. Especially during the colonial period, many changes can be observed in the education system, such as introducing new education policies and curricula, so there is a huge scope of research about all these changes or new educational policies. Therefore, it is important to research and discuss the ‘National Education Policy’
during the colonial period in Bengal. The national education policy came into existence in the Swadeshi and Boycott Movement that was started in Bengal against Lord Curzon’s partition plan of Bengal in 1905. The swadeshi and boycott movement also impacted the education sector, and a decision was taken to boycott the government universities or schools. As a result, some nationalist thinkers and philosophers of Bengal introduced National
Education as an alternative to the government education system. This wave of national education movement also reached Maldah district and the Maldah Jatiya Shiksha Samiti was established. Therefore, in this research paper, a brief discussion about the history of the establishment of Maldah Jatiya Shiksha Samiti, its activities and its contribution to the field of education and society is given.

Key Words:Adarsha Vidyalaya, Chatushpathis ,Gambhira, Jatiya Shiksha Samiti etc.