Pandita Ramabai Saraswati:The Pioneer of Women’s liberation awakening in the light of Death Centenary

in Published Volumes


Ashim Biswas
Assistant Professor
Department of History
Subarnarekha Mahavidyalaya
Gopiballavpur, Jhargram,West Bengal,India


Abstract:: One hundred years ago on April 5, 1922, a great Indian woman left this world and went
to the next world. 2022 is her death centenary year. If we take the year of birth, her birth
anniversary is half a century in this year. I feel the need to remember her in this article to pay
tribute to her on her death centenary. She is none other than that great noble woman of India,
who played a significant role in the establishment of social justice in the field of women’s
liberation movement, political movement, labor movement, various social and family movements
of women, Pandita Ramabai Saraswati. At that time women had opportunities for physical and
intellectual development. Women could enjoy equal freedom as men in society and no restrictions
were placed on women’s activities. The orthodoxy of Hindu religion, patriarchal society, caste
system, child marriage, marriage of upper class widows, etc. are gradually raising their heads in
every social sector of the society. In such situations in the Indian social system women to
improve the status of Hindu womenRamabai led the way to educate and free women from the
shackles of Hindu orthodoxy and patriarchy. In view of this, Ramabai’s efforts and her activities
for the women’s liberation movement have undoubtedly occupied a place in Indian history as a
significant episode.She also led a relentless movement for women’s education, women’s
liberation, against labor oppression. Her fight against social justice and unequal education was
strong. This year 2022) marks her death centenary. In the light of centuries of history, I have
tried to present the story of an extraordinary woman Pandita Ramabai Saraswati becoming
extraordinary in this research paper.

Key Words:Brahminism, Death Centenary, Hinduism, Manorama, Pandita Ramabai Saraswati.