Peasant Organisations in the context of Political Activities in Bengal before the 1938:A Regional Study
Dr.Jagdip Kumar Chowhan
Department of History
Abstract:: This article is highlighted the peasantry condition of Bengal after the Great Depression. This worst condition makes to rise the peasantry politics. Before the formation of the autonomous body, Praja Party of Fazlul Huq and Muslim League had unitedly campaigned that they would start a movement to abolish zamindari system without any compensation. It had been noticed after the Permanent Settlement of Bengal that the power in village was divided among the zamindars.By1940, the importance and economic dealings of zamindars declined so much that it seemed an old and obsolete system to everyone except the zamindars.There were almost 12.2 lakhs sharecroppers and 22.5 lakhs farmhands family in Bengal in 1939. They possessed almost 12.2 and 22.5 percent of total lands respectively. Land Revenue Commission Report, 1940, states tenant peasant family whose recorded raiyati and sub-raiyati land was 65.3 lakhs or 63%, were more than the farmers. In this worst condition regionally much affecive to political consciousness of the people of these regions was built around Krishak Sabha.
Key Words:Agriculture, Fazlul Huq, Kisan Sabha, Muslim League, Naghoria, Raiyat