A Special Contribution of Mass Movement in Malda, a District of Colonial Bengal during 1905-1947: A Study of Regional Politics

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Jagdip Kumar Chowhan

Assistant Professor,
Department of History
Malda College
Malda,West Bengal,India
Email: jagdipchowhan@gmail.com

Abstract: Abstract:Malda has a long history of mass movement. There was a strong centre of the anti-Indigo movement. Morad Biswas, Suhas Biswas, Ratan Mandal and Lalchand Saha led the organizers of the anti- indigo raiyats movement in Malda. The Wahhabi and Faraizi movements spread in Northern part of Bengal after the indigo movement. Malda became a strong centre of the Wahhabi movement. By 1872, the tide of the Wahhabi movement in Malda had receded. The Sannyasi and Fakir Movement, Wahabi and Faraizi movements and the Indigo movement have all impacted on local society in Malda since the late eighteenth century and the whole of the nineteenth. The Swadeshi movement in 1905 and national education were a strong politically conscious part of the protest movement in Malda. The Khadi cloth and the Satyagraha movement were more popular activities for the local people of Malda. In 1932, Communist activists became strong in the rural part of Malda.

Key Words:Communist Party, Quit India Movement, Swadeshi Movement,Fakir Movement