Emergence and Development of Bengali Muslim Intelligentsia in the first half of the 20th Century

in Articles


Md Mainul Islam

Assistant Professor
Department of History
Brahmananda Kesbab Chandra College
Barrackpore,Kolkata,West Bengal
Email: mainul3484@gmail.com

Abstract:There was something called the ‘intellectual’ class of Bengali Muslim society. From the end of the 19th century to the third decade of the 20th century, there was a debate among the intellectuals of Bengali Muslim society. Bengali Muslim intellectuals described the ideal design of society in history. Various tariqas occupy a full place in the social life of Bengali Muslims. The social position of the progressive educated Muslim intellectual society, on the other hand, is the existence of completely opposite Maulanas of the anti-intellectual educated society. Bengali Muslim intellectuals sought to transform Arabic-Iranian Muslim culture into Bengali Muslim culture. The intellectual community mainly emerged from the educated middle class. In the context of the positive changes in education in the Bengali Muslim society, an intellectual class emerged among the Muslims of Bengal.

Key Words:Bengal, Intellectual, Muslim Society,Marxist,Middle Age,Progressive etc.