Ethnic Identity & Social Stratification of Bengali Muslims: An Inquiry
Md. Mainul Islam
Department of History
Brahmananda Keshabchandra College
Kolkata,West Bengaln, India
Abstract:The Muslim society in Bengal suffered from caste distinctions. The caste system of Hindu society is at the root of the caste system organization and title identity in Bengali Muslim society. The Census Report of 1911 referred to 80 castes in the Muslim society. The Indian caste system came to the developing Muslim society of Bengal as the Muslim community in Bengal was engaged in their previous profession. Due to the fact that their social status remained unchanged due to professional reasons, the converted Bengali Muslim society did not get social status. Converting Bengali Muslims have not been integrated into the traditional larger Muslim society as there is no social force, i.e. education, to transform the patriarchal professions. Due to the lack of social mobility in the Muslim society, professional groups including weavers, archers, dyers, tailors, butchers, butchers, barbers and musicians started falling behind the fragmented part of the Muslim society. The intermarriage between the upper and lower castes existed. The rigidity of the caste system was not severe like that of the Hindu society. The organization of caste system and the identity of the title of Bengali Muslim society is still present on the basis of title identity.
Key Words:Ashraf, Atraf, Dargah, Mullahs, Manat Mana, Morsiya Gaan, Pir Puja, Taziya