Forest Resource Management and Deforestation in ‘Colonial’ Sundarbans, 1878-1905

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Kausar Ali

Ph.D. Research Scholar,
Department of History,
Raiganj University,
West Bengal, India,

Abstract: Sundarbans means ‘the beautiful forest’. Sundarbans is the largest mangrove forest in the world. It has a unique human-nature relationship. It is located in Southern part of West Bengal in India and some parts of Bangladesh. In this paper I shall discussed about how colonial government played a vital role for preserving the Sundarbans forest and what is their planning for future use. Before the British came into Bengal, this forest known as ‘bhati’. Afterwards the Colonial government came into power, they realised the reclamation
of Sundarbans. In this connection they implemented several forest policy regarding the particular issue. In this paper I will try to analyse the fact behind the British mind. How the British benefitted and local people looted by colonial forest policy from (1878-1905) this also my hypothesis of this paper.

Key Words:Bengal, Conservation, Colonial, Forest, Management, Sundarbans