Revisiting of Political Activities in Jalpaiguri and Lower Darjeeling Districts during Partition of India (1947)

in Articles


Madhab Chandra Adhikary

Department of History
Cooch Behar Panchanan Barma University
Cooch Behar,West Bengal

Abstract: The national movement was not uniformly observed throughout the whole of Bengal, and in
every region, the national movement was activated in their respective areas. As the Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling districts were under the control of the British, naturally anti-English movements were clearly manifested in this region. In 1770, the clash over the question of rights among the Zamindar of Boikunthapur with the East India Company, gave this region a special anti-British command. Darpadev Raikat helped directly in this struggle to protect Zamindar Devi Choudhurani of Manpolicestationraj Estate of Rangpur and Sannyasis and fakirs. Later on the anti-British feeling had been flourished in Jalpaiguri and Darjeeing district at the time of Swadeshi movement in Bengal. In the hands of educated employees, Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling districts are getting associations. When Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling district were merged with the administration of Assam and East Bengal, a section of educated immigrant society and local Rajbanshis people in this region came in the streets to protested against the British government’s decision. Rabindranarayan Ghosh, Nripen Chandra Banerjee, Radhakumud Mukherjee and Binoy Kumar Sarkar took active part in National movement in this region. Finally, the Radcliffe boundary determine the fate of the people and the later had accepted boundary line and their long cherished integration had been perished and got the identity of Indian and Pakistani.

Key Words:national movement, struggle, Swadeshi ,anti-British feeling, immigrant society, educated employees ,Radcliffe boundary, Indian and Pakistani