The Socio-Cultural impact of the Growth and Development of the Western Education in Princely State of Cooch Behar: 1861-1949
Department of History
Cooch Behar Panchanan Barma University
Cooch Behar,West Bengal,India
Abstract:Education provides one of the most important channels of transition from traditional to modern. The vehicle of change is education. It extended its far reaching impact on society and culture. The modern education came in the Princely State of Cooch Behar with the hands of the English East India Company. Before the ‘Anglo-Koch Treaty 1773’ there was the indigenous education system. The education was limited in the Royal family and high official’s family of the state. The common people or the mass people were deprived from education. The wave of the 19th century Bengal Renaissance reached in the state later. The modern education came and developed in the state in the later half of the 19th century. The main aims of the study are to highlight the socio-cultural impact of the modern education in the Cooch Behar state. No works focuses the issue. In this sense the study is new one. Emergence of a middle class, an intellectual society, new thought, Kshatriya Movement and ethnic identity question are the by-products of the modern education in the state.
Key Words:Brahmin culture,Education, Kamrupa,‘Pragjyotishpura’,Sanskrit education.