The Treaty of Sugauli,1815 and its Historical Significance

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Chhawang Subba

Assistant Professor,
Department of History,
University of Gour Banga,
Malda,West Bengal,India

Abstract: The Treaty of Sugauli which was signed on December 2, 1815 and ratified on March 4, 1816 is a very significant treaty with regard to the demarcation of boundary between the kingdom of Nepal and the colonial India. This treaty ended the long lasting adventure of subjugation and annexation of nearby territories by the Nepali kings. Their expansionist policy was halted by the Anglo-Gorkha war of 1814 and the subsequent peace treaty greatly curtailed the territories of kingdom of Nepal won over the long period of time. The event also prompted Nepal to revise their hostile policy with British and a more friendly relationship was established between the two parties.The treaty of Sugauli has a lot of historical significance. According to the treaty, the territorial integrity of Nepal was guaranteed but the Gorkha king was deprived of a part of the territory conquered between 1760 and 1808.The Treaty of Sugauli effectively ended the military ambitions of Nepal on all sides except the north. It also conveyed the message that, for military and economic reasons Nepal would have to maintain good relations with British India.

Key Words:British, Boundary, Dispute, Friendship, Kingdom,Nepal, Treaty of Sugauli