Running through the Ages: Postal Service in Colonial India and the ‘Runners’, an Intimate Engagement

in Published Volumes


Chiranjib Das
Research Scholar
Department of History
Santiniketan,Birbhum,West Bengal


Abstract:: From the very beginning of the Post Office of India or, better to say from its inception there was the term; ‘runner’ deeply associated with the sector of service. In India, one might have examples of sending letters from one place to the other by several means, including ‘pigeon post’. However, the modern era of postal system was developed in India, through the initiatives of the foreign trading companies, especially for their business interest. With time, Indian common people accepted the system, participated at large scale as it was affordable for them, and even became a part of the system as ‘runners’. The English East India Company introduced several changes from time to time through different acts and regulations. The most remarkable aspect of the system was its social face, offering many benefits to the common people of India.In such a different manner that the runner who became the postal peon in later phase gradually assumed to be one of the family member. Who can spread joy or, sorrow with the news on their hand to the entire community. Putuna Mura, the character of recent times actually acted in the society in that way with all the responsibility on her shoulder towards the community regarding the communication.

Key Words:Communication, Crisis, Modernity, Post, Runner, Putuna Mura etc.