Gorkhaland Movement: History and its Evaluation in Present Context of Integration vs. Disintegration of Bengal

in Articles


Ramendra Nath Bhowmick

Assistant Professor
Department of History
Samuktala Sidhu Kanhu College
Samuktala,Alipurduar,West Bengal
Email: prof.rnbhowmick83@gmail.com

Abstract:Gorkhaland Movement is now a hotbed historical issue and historians, scholars and academicians are of different opinion and till now there is to some extent historical gap in respect of the question of integration and the present problem of disintegration. Subhash Ghising was the man who first established G.N.L.F. (Gorkha National Liberation Front) for the set up of new separate state for the Gorkha people of Darjeeling and its adjacent region keeping in mind the Gorkha sentiment. Earlier Gorkhaland Movement was called the ‘Ghising’s Movement for Land’. Though Subhash Ghising is no more with us but his movement is still with us with new valour. Now the problem is not confined among the Gorkha people, it is the symbol of emotion of the hill people including non-Gorkha people. Few years ago a non Gorkha man sacrificed his for the cause of Gorkhaland. Now some pertinent questions came to our forefront i.e. why people of Darjeeling are fighting for their separate state for them refuting the question of integration of our state and our country? What will be the socio-economic condition of Darjeeling if we established separate state i.e. Gorkhaland? All problems will be solved? My intention is not to raise some pertinent question but to create an academic atmosphere to think and sort out some fruitful measures so that the problem of Gorkhaland may disappear from the political atlas of Bengal purely from historical perspectives.

Key Words:Blue Salute Gorkhaland, Gorkha identity, , Gorkha Fouj, Operation Fijo, Nilojhanda